My children and myself went to a vet last weekend. I asked the receptionist:
Me: How much it cost to sterile my bitch?
Receptionist: A cat or a dog?
Wah ... now I am not sure about this vet.
(Just in case, a bitch is a female canine/dog)
I was sharing with my friends the other day about the good old days, especially how male pigs and dogs were castrated! My father would prepare soot from the wok, a gunny sack and a sharp knife. My brothers and father would tie the legs of the animal, put them into the gunny sack, head first but with the backside facing outward. The "operation" would then quickly took place, apply soot and the yelling animal was free to go, minus the testis .... wah, no anesthetic... nothing. Cruel? But at that time, vet was unheard of. I suppose that was what they did to human also, especially those in the imperial court in China.
By the way, gunny sack is not required if we are dealing with small animal.
My Kayan colleague said that his father did the same but they use a sharpen bamboo to do the job. By the way, fully matured bamboo is very sharp if properly "sharpen".